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Dmidecode. Получаем информацию о железе.

 

DMI (Desktop Management Interface) — интерфейс (API), позволяющий программному обеспечению собирать данные о характеристиках компьютера.
Dmidecode - программа для linux, позволяющая работать с DMI. Можно получить информацию о:

bios
system
baseboard
chassis
processor
memory
cache
connector
slot

Установка проста, в репозиториях есть:


apt-get install dmidecode

Далее примеры использования.

 

 

Информация о BIOS:


dmidecode --type BIOS

# dmidecode 2.9
SMBIOS 2.4 present.

Handle 0x0000, DMI type 0, 24 bytes
BIOS Information
Vendor: Award Software International, Inc.
Version: F6
Release Date: 11/04/2009
Address: 0xE0000
Runtime Size: 128 kB
ROM Size: 1024 kB
Characteristics:
PCI is supported
PNP is supported
APM is supported
BIOS is upgradeable
BIOS shadowing is allowed
Boot from CD is supported
Selectable boot is supported
EDD is supported
5.25"/360 KB floppy services are supported (int 13h)
5.25"/1.2 MB floppy services are supported (int 13h)
3.5"/720 KB floppy services are supported (int 13h)
3.5"/2.88 MB floppy services are supported (int 13h)
Print screen service is supported (int 5h)
8042 keyboard services are supported (int 9h)
Serial services are supported (int 14h)
Printer services are supported (int 17h)
CGA/mono video services are supported (int 10h)
ACPI is supported
USB legacy is supported
LS-120 boot is supported
ATAPI Zip drive boot is supported
BIOS boot specification is supported
Targeted content distribution is supported

Handle 0x0018, DMI type 13, 22 bytes
BIOS Language Information
Installable Languages: 3
n|US|iso8859-1
n|US|iso8859-1
r|CA|iso8859-1
Currently Installed Language: n|US|iso8859-1


Информация о материнской плате:


dmidecode --type baseboard

# dmidecode 2.9
SMBIOS 2.4 present.

Handle 0x0002, DMI type 2, 8 bytes
Base Board Information
Manufacturer: Gigabyte Technology Co., Ltd.
Product Name: G41M-ES2L
Version: x.x
Serial Number:


Информация о процессоре:


dmidecode --type processor

# dmidecode 2.9
SMBIOS 2.4 present.

Handle 0x0004, DMI type 4, 35 bytes
Processor Information
Socket Designation: Socket 775
Type: Central Processor
Family: Other
Manufacturer: Intel
ID: 7A 06 01 00 FF FB EB BF
Version: Pentium(R) Dual-Core CPU E6
Voltage: 1.0 V
External Clock: 266 MHz
Max Speed: 4000 MHz
Current Speed: 2800 MHz
Status: Populated, Enabled
Upgrade: Socket 478
L1 Cache Handle: 0x000A
L2 Cache Handle: 0x000B
L3 Cache Handle: Not Provided
Serial Number:
Asset Tag:
Part Number:


Информация о установленных модулях памяти и колличестве слотов под нее:


dmidecode --type memory

# dmidecode 2.9
SMBIOS 2.4 present.

Handle 0x0005, DMI type 5, 24 bytes
Memory Controller Information
Error Detecting Method: 8-bit Parity
Error Correcting Capabilities:
None
Supported Interleave: One-way Interleave
Current Interleave: One-way Interleave
Maximum Memory Module Size: 1024 MB
Maximum Total Memory Size: 4096 MB
Supported Speeds:
Other
Supported Memory Types:
Other
Memory Module Voltage: 5.0 V
Associated Memory Slots: 4
0x0006
0x0007
0x0008
0x0009
Enabled Error Correcting Capabilities:
None

Handle 0x0006, DMI type 6, 12 bytes
Memory Module Information
Socket Designation: A0
Bank Connections: 1
Current Speed: Unknown
Type: Other
Installed Size: 2048 MB (Single-bank Connection)
Enabled Size: 2048 MB (Single-bank Connection)
Error Status: OK

Handle 0x0007, DMI type 6, 12 bytes
Memory Module Information
Socket Designation: A1
Bank Connections: 2
Current Speed: Unknown
Type: Unknown
Installed Size: Not Installed
Enabled Size: Not Installed
Error Status: OK

Handle 0x0008, DMI type 6, 12 bytes
Memory Module Information
Socket Designation: A2
Bank Connections: 3
Current Speed: Unknown
Type: Other
Installed Size: 2048 MB (Single-bank Connection)
Enabled Size: 2048 MB (Single-bank Connection)
Error Status: OK

Handle 0x0009, DMI type 6, 12 bytes
Memory Module Information
Socket Designation: A3
Bank Connections: 4
Current Speed: Unknown
Type: Unknown
Installed Size: Not Installed
Enabled Size: Not Installed
Error Status: OK

Handle 0x0019, DMI type 16, 15 bytes
Physical Memory Array
Location: System Board Or Motherboard
Use: System Memory
Error Correction Type: None
Maximum Capacity: 4 GB
Error Information Handle: Not Provided
Number Of Devices: 4

Handle 0x001A, DMI type 17, 27 bytes
Memory Device
Array Handle: 0x0019
Error Information Handle: Not Provided
Total Width: 64 bits
Data Width: 64 bits
Size: 2048 MB
Form Factor: DIMM
Set: None
Locator: A0
Bank Locator: Bank0/1
Type: Unknown
Type Detail: None
Speed: 800 MHz (1.2 ns)
Manufacturer:
Serial Number:
Asset Tag:
Part Number:

Handle 0x001B, DMI type 17, 27 bytes
Memory Device
Array Handle: 0x0019
Error Information Handle: Not Provided
Total Width: Unknown
Data Width: Unknown
Size: No Module Installed
Form Factor: DIMM
Set: None
Locator: A1
Bank Locator: Bank2/3
Type: Unknown
Type Detail: None
Speed: Unknown
Manufacturer:
Serial Number:
Asset Tag:
Part Number:

Handle 0x001C, DMI type 17, 27 bytes
Memory Device
Array Handle: 0x0019
Error Information Handle: Not Provided
Total Width: 64 bits
Data Width: 64 bits
Size: 2048 MB
Form Factor: DIMM
Set: None
Locator: A2
Bank Locator: Bank4/5
Type: Unknown
Type Detail: None
Speed: 800 MHz (1.2 ns)
Manufacturer:
Serial Number:
Asset Tag:
Part Number:

Handle 0x001D, DMI type 17, 27 bytes
Memory Device
Array Handle: 0x0019
Error Information Handle: Not Provided
Total Width: Unknown
Data Width: Unknown
Size: No Module Installed
Form Factor: DIMM
Set: None
Locator: A3
Bank Locator: Bank6/7
Type: Unknown
Type Detail: None
Speed: Unknown
Manufacturer:
Serial Number:
Asset Tag:
Part Number:


Информация о разьемах на материнской плате:


dmidecode --type connector

# dmidecode 2.9
SMBIOS 2.4 present.

Handle 0x000C, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: PRIMARY IDE
Internal Connector Type: On Board IDE
External Reference Designator:
External Connector Type: None
Port Type: Other

Handle 0x000D, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: SECONDARY IDE
Internal Connector Type: On Board IDE
External Reference Designator:
External Connector Type: None
Port Type: Other

Handle 0x000E, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: FDD
Internal Connector Type: On Board Floppy
External Reference Designator:
External Connector Type: None
Port Type: 8251 FIFO Compatible

Handle 0x000F, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: COM1
Internal Connector Type: 9 Pin Dual Inline (pin 10 cut)
External Reference Designator:
External Connector Type: DB-9 male
Port Type: Serial Port 16450 Compatible

Handle 0x0010, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: COM2
Internal Connector Type: 9 Pin Dual Inline (pin 10 cut)
External Reference Designator:
External Connector Type: DB-9 male
Port Type: Serial Port 16450 Compatible

Handle 0x0011, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: LPT1
Internal Connector Type: DB-25 female
External Reference Designator:
External Connector Type: DB-25 female
Port Type: Parallel Port ECP/EPP

Handle 0x0012, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: Keyboard
Internal Connector Type: Other
External Reference Designator:
External Connector Type: PS/2
Port Type: Keyboard Port

Handle 0x0013, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: PS/2 Mouse
Internal Connector Type: PS/2
External Reference Designator: No Detected
External Connector Type: PS/2
Port Type: Mouse Port

Handle 0x0014, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: USB
Internal Connector Type: None
External Reference Designator:
External Connector Type: Access Bus (USB)
Port Type: USB

Handle 0x0015, DMI type 8, 9 bytes
Port Connector Information
Internal Reference Designator: USB
Internal Connector Type: None
External Reference Designator:
External Connector Type: Access Bus (USB)
Port Type: USB